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DRDO in 1965. In 1969, Kalam received the government's approval and expanded the programme to include more engineers.
Kalam addresses engineering students at IIT Guwahati
In 1963 to 1964, he visited NASA's Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia; Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt,
Maryland; and Wallops Flight Facility. Between the 1970s and 1990s, Kalam made an effort to develop the Polar Satellite
Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and SLV-III projects, both of which proved to be successful.
Kalam was invited by Raja Ramanna to witness the country's first nuclear test Smiling Buddha as the representative of TBRL,
even though he had not participated in its development. In the 1970s, Kalam also directed two projects, Project Devil and
His research and educational leadership brought him great laurels
and prestige in the 1980s, which prompted the government to initiate an advanced missile programme under his directorship.
Kalam and Dr V S Arunachalam, metallurgist and scientific adviser to the Defence Minister, worked on the suggestion by the then
Defence Minister, R. Venkataraman on a proposal for simultaneous development of a quiver of missiles instead of taking planned
missiles one after another. R Venkatraman was instrumental in getting the cabinet approval for allocating ₹388 crores for the
mission, named Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP) and appointed Kalam as the chief executive.
Kalam played a major part in developing many missiles under the mission including Agni, an intermediate range ballistic missile
and Prithvi, the tactical surface-to-surface missile, although the projects have been criticised for mismanagement and cost and