Earthquake Forum Mandalay

Oct 22, 2016 8:30 AM (GMT+6.5) Mandalay Education College Between 33rd x 34th and 67th x 68th Street, Chan Aye Tharzan Township, Mandalay

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"ARE WE READY TO RESPOND EARTHQUAKE?"

FORUM ON EARTHQUAKE PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE CAPACITY OF MANDALAY

Myanmar is the second largest country in South East Asia Region Myanmar's geographic position exposes its over 50 million inhabitants to a variety of natural hazards. The low-lying south coast was struck by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, and again in May 2008 by Cyclone Nargis, which caused the country's worst natural disaster, killing 140,000 people, cyclone Giri in 2010 and countrywide flood in 2015 and 2016.

Being located on geological faults like Sagaing, Kyauk Kyan and Rakhine fault, earthquakes are also significant hazards of Myanmar. In the history of Myanmar, there were major earthquakes which caused loss of lives and enormous loss and damages of historical buildings and houses. In 2011, a 6.9 magnitude quake was centered in eastern Shan State and the death toll was estimated at around 80 people. In 2012, the Shwe Bo 6.8 magnitude quake, caused by the Sagaing Fault, struck an area about 100 km north of Mandalay. An estimated 26 people died and significant damage occurred. Recently in April 2016, there was an earthquake of 6.8 magnitude hit near Maw Lite Township in Sagaing Region and very recently in August 2016, there was same magnitude 6.8 hit near Chauk Township in Magway Region. The most recent one caused lots of damages to many pagodas and temples in Bagan, heart of Myanmar.

Mandalay lies closely to the Sagaing Fault, which stretches about 1,000 kilometers from northern Myanmar to the Gulf of Mottama and is the most active fault in the country. Several earthquakes happened in and around Mandalay-Amarapura-Innwa-Sagaing region from the beginning of the year of 1400. Among them the most distinct event is the Innwa earthquake struck on July 16, 1839. The biggest earthquake in its history, with a magnitude of 7, occurred in 1956. The devastation was greater in Sagaing region than Mandalay region and it came to be known as the Great Sagaing Quake. There are 16 out of 28 townships in Mandalay that might be affected by an earthquake. Besides the population in the city, townships situated along Ayeyarwaddy River are those at higher risk (7 townships in the region, plus 5 in the city). Total population in these (12) townships are around 2,500,000. Therefore preparations for an earthquake are urgently needed in Mandalay. To get proper preparedness, a public forum will be organized to call all stakeholders; 1) community awareness on earthquake preparedness and response in Mandalay Region 2) to wake up concerned stakeholders for earthquake preparedness and response and 3) to organize key players for strengthening earthquake preparedness and response capacity of Mandalay Region through contingency planning.

ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံသည္ အေရွ႕ေတာင္အာရွေဒသတြင္ ဒုတိယအႀကီးဆံုးႏိုင္ငံျဖစ္ျပီး လူဦးေရသန္း၅၀ေက်ာ္ေနထိုင္ ၾကသည္။ ပထဝီဝင္အေနအထားအရ သဘာဝေဘးအႏၱရာယ္အမ်ိဳးမ်ိဳးကိုၾကံဳေတြ႔ႏိုင္သည့္ေဒသတစ္ခု ျဖစ္ျပီး ၂၀၀၄ခုႏွစ္ အိႏၵိယသမုဒၵရာတြင္ျဖစ္ေပၚခဲ့ေသာ ဆူနာမီလႈိင္းသည္ ႏိုင္ငံ၏ေတာင္ဘက္ပိုင္းရွိ ကမ္းေျခေဒသ မ်ားသို႔ ထိခိုက္မႈမ်ားရွိခဲ့သည္။ ၂၀၀၈ခုႏွစ္တြင္ျဖစ္ေပၚခဲ့ေသာနာဂစ္မုန္တိုင္းေၾကာင့္လည္း လူေပါင္း ၁၄၀၀၀၀ ခန္႔ ေသဆံုးခဲ့ျပီး ႏုိင္ငံ၏ထိခိုက္ဆုံးရွံဳးမႈမ်ားေသာ သဘာဝေဘးအျဖစ္မွတ္တမ္းတင္ခဲ့သည္။ ထို႔အျပင္ ၂၀၁၀ခုႏွစ္တြင္  ျဖစ္ေပၚခဲ့ဂီရိမုန္တိုင္းႏွင့္ ၂၀၁၅ႏွင့္ ၂၀၁၆ခုႏွစ္တြင္ျဖစ္ေပၚ ခဲ့ေသာ ေရလႊမ္းမႈမ်ားေၾကာင့္ ႏိုင္ငံအဝွမ္း ထိခိုက္ ဆံုးရွံဳးမႈမ်ားျဖစ္ေပၚခဲ့သည္။

စစ္ကိုင္းျပတ္ေရြ႕၊ ေက်ာက္ၾကမ္းျပတ္ေရြ႕၊ ရခိုင္ျပတ္ေရြ႕မ်ားေပၚတြင္ တည္ရွိေနျခင္းေၾကာင့္ ေျမငလ်င္သည္ ျမန္မာႏုိ္င္ငံ၏ သိသာထင္ရွားေသာ သဘာဝေဘးအႏၱရာယ္တစ္ခုျဖစ္သည္။ ျမန္မာ့သမိုင္းတြင္လည္း ၾကီးမားေသာ ေျမငလ်င္လႈပ္ျခင္းမ်ားရွိခဲ့ကာ အသက္ဆံုးရံႈးျခင္း၊ အိုးအိမ္ပစၥည္းမ်ား ပ်က္စီးဆံုးရႈံးျခင္း၊ ေရွးေဟာင္းအေဆာက္ အအံုမ်ားပ်က္စီးျခင္းမ်ား ျဖစ္ေပၚခဲ့သည္။ ၂၀၁၁ ခုႏွစ္တြင္ ရွမ္းျပည္နယ္ အေရွ႕ပိုင္းတြင္ဦးတည္ လႈပ္ခတ္ ခဲ့ေသာေၾကာင့္ အင္အား ၆.၉ အဆင့္ရွိေသာ ေျမငလ်င္ေၾကာင့္ ခန္႔မွန္းေျခ လူ ၈၀ခန္႔ေသဆံုးခဲ့သည္။ ၂၀၁၂ ခုႏွစ္တြင္ စစ္ကိုင္းျပတ္ေရြ႕ေၾကာင့္ ျဖစ္ေသာ အင္အား ၆.၈ အဆင့္ရွိငလ်င္သည္ မႏၱေလးျမိဳ႕၏ေျမာက္ဘက္ ၁၀၀ ကီလိုမီတာအကြာတြင္ျဖစ္ပြားခဲ့သည္။ ေရႊဘိုငလ်င္ေၾကာင့္ လူ၂၆ေယာက္ေသဆံုးခဲ့ျပီး ပ်က္စီးဆံုးရံႈးမႈ ၾကီးမားခဲ့သည္။ မၾကာေသးေသာ ကာလ ၂၀၁၆ခုႏွစ္ ဧျပီလတြင္လည္း အင္အား ၆.၈ အဆင့္ရွိေသာ ေျမငလ်င္တစ္ခုသည္ စစ္ကို္င္းတုိင္းေဒသၾကီး၊ ေမာ္လုိ္က္ျမိဳ႕အနီးတြင္ ျဖစ္ပြားခဲ့သည္။ ထို႔အတူ ၂၀၁၆ခုႏွစ္ ၾသဂုတ္လ တြင္ အင္အား ၆.၈ အဆင့္ရွိေသာ ေျမငလ်င္တစ္ခုသည္ မေကြးတုိင္းေဒသၾကီး ေခ်ာက္ျမိဳ႕နယ္အတြင္း ထပ္မံလႈပ္ခတ္ခဲ့ရာ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံအလယ္ပိုင္း ပုဂံေဒသရွိ ဘုရားပုထုိးမ်ား ပ်က္စီးဆံုးရႈံးမႈမ်ားခဲ့သည္။

မႏၱေလးျမိဳ႕သည္ ႏိုင္ငံတြင္း သက္ဝင္အလႈပ္ရွားဆံုးျဖစ္ျပီး ႏိုင္ငံေျမာက္ပိုင္းမွ မုတၱမပင္လယ္ေကြ႕ထိ ကီလိုမီတာ ၁၀၀၀ခန္႔အကြာအေဝးႏွင့္ သြယ္တန္းေနသည့္ စစ္ကိုင္းျပတ္ေရြ႕အနီးတြင္ ကပ္လွ်က္တည္ရွိ သည္။ မႏၱေလး၊ အမရပူရ၊ အင္းဝ၊ စစ္ကိုင္းေဒသမ်ားတြင္ သကၠရာဇ္ ၁၄၀၀ ေလာက္မွစတင္၍ အင္အားျပင္းထန္ေသာ ေျမငလ်င္မ်ားစြာ လႈပ္ခတ္ ခဲ့သည္။ ယင္းတုိ႔အနက္ ၁၉၃၉ခုႏွစ္၊ ဇူလိုင္လ ၁၆ ရက္တြင္ ျဖစ္ပြားခဲ့ေသာ အင္းဝေျမငလ်င္သည္ သိသာ ထင္ရွားဆံုး ျဖစ္ခဲ့သည္။  မွတ္တမ္းအရ အင္အား ၇ အဆင့္ရွိေသာ ေျမငလ်င္တစ္ခုသည္ ၁၉၅၆ခုႏွစ္တြင္ လႈပ္ခတ္ခဲ့ဲၿပီး ႀကီးမားေသာ ငလ်င္တစ္ခုျဖစ္ခဲ့သည္။ စစ္ကိုင္းေဒသဘက္တြင္ ပို၍ ဆံုရႈံးမႈမ်ားေသာေၾကာင့္ စစ္ကိုင္းငလ်င္ၾကီးဟု ပို၍လူသိမ်ားခဲ့သည္။  မႏၱေလးတိုင္းအတြင္း ၂၈ ျမိဳ႕နယ္ထဲတြင္မွ ၁၆ ျမိဳ႕နယ္သည္ ငလ်င္ဒဏ္ခံစားခဲ့ရသည္။ ျမိဳ႕မ်ားရွိ လူအမ်ား အျပားအျပင္ ဧရာဝတီျမစ္ရိုးတစ္ေလ်ွာက္ရွိ ျမိဳ႕နယ္ ၁၂ ျမိဳ႕နယ္တြင္လဲ ငလ်င္ဒဏ္ ထိခို္က္ခံစားခဲ့ရသည္။ နည္းလမ္းတက် ၾကိဳတင္ ျပင္ဆင္မႈမ်ား ေဆာင္ရြက္ႏိုင္ရန္အတြက္ သက္ဆိုင္ရာပါဝင္ပတ္သက္သူမ်ားႏွင့္ လူထုဖုိရမ္တစ္ခု ျပဳလုပ္မည္ ျဖစ္သည္။ ဖုိရမ္၏ ရည္ရြယ္ခ်က္မ်ားမွာ (၁) ေျမငလ်င္ႏွင့္ ပတ္သက္ေသာ ၾကိဳတင္ျပင္ဆင္မႈမ်ား၊ တံု႔ျပန္မႈေဆာင္ရြက္ မႈမ်ားအေပၚ မႏၱေလးတိုင္းေဒသၾကီးတြင္းရွိ ျပည္သူလူထုမ်ား၏ အသိပညာတိုးတက္လာေစရန္၊ (၂)ေျမငလ်င္ႏွင့္ ပတ္သက္ေသာ ၾကိဳတင္ျပင္ဆင္မႈ၊ တံု႔ျပန္ေဆာင္ရြက္မႈ မ်ားအေပၚ ပါဝင္ပတ္သက္ေဆာင္ရြက္ေနသူမ်ားအၾကား ႏိႈးေဆာ္ မႈတစ္ခုျဖစ္လာေစရန္၊ (၃) ေျမငလ်င္ႏွင့္ ပတ္သက္ေသာ အေရးေပၚအစီအစဥ္မ်ားအား ၾကိဳတင္ေရးဆြဲထားႏိုင္ျခင္းျဖင့္ ေဒသတြင္းၾကိဳတင္ျပင္ဆင္မႈ၊ တံု႔ျပန္ေဆာင္ရြက္မႈစြမ္းေဆာင္ရည္အားေကာင္းလာေစရန္ အဓိကပါဝင္ပတ္သက္ေနသူမ်ားမွ စုစည္းေဆာင္ ရြက္ရန္တို႕ျဖစ္သည္။

OBJECTIVES

  1. To increase community awareness on earthquake preparedness and response in Yangon Region
  2. To wake up concerned stakeholders for earthquake preparedness and response
  3. To organize key players for strengthening earthquake preparedness and response capacity of Yangon Region
  4. To organize key player to establish quick and effective earthquake response mechanism and plan for Yangon Region

THEMES

  • Awareness raising
  • Preparedness and response
  • Emergency Medical Response
  • Relief and Rehabilitation

ေဆြးေႏြးမည့္ေခါင္းစဥ္မ်ား

  • ၿပည္သူလူထုအား ေၿမငလ်င္ဆိုင္ရာ အသိပညာတိုးပြားေအာင္ ေဆာင္ရြက္ၿခင္း
  • ေၿမငလ်င္ အႏၱရာယ္ ၾကိဳတင္ၿပင္ဆင္ေရးႏွင့္ အေရးေပၚတုန္႔ၿပန္ေရးလုပ္ငန္းမ်ား
  • ငလ်င္ၿဖစ္ပြားၿပီးေနာက္ အေရးေပၚေဆးကုသေရးလုပ္ငန္းမ်ား ေဆာင္ရြက္ၿခင္း
  • ငလ်င္ ၿဖစ္ပြားၿပီးေနာက္ အေရးေပၚ ကယ္ဆယ္ေရး ႏွင့္ ၿပန္လည္ထူေထာင္ေရးလုပ္ငန္းမ်ား

REGISTRATION

  • Free
  • Pre-registration (On-line/ email / Phone)
  • On-site registration

မွတ္ပံုတင္ၿခင္း

  • အခမဲ့
  • အြန္လိုင္းမွတ္ပံုတင္ရန္ - www.latmat.com.mm/earthquake-forum-mandalay
  • Email ၿဖင့္မွတ္ပံုတင္ရန္ - mandalayrrd544@gmail.com
  • Telephone ၿဖင့္မွတ္ပံုတင္ရန္ - 02 67470 / 02 39457 / 09252871336 / 09422192977 / 09799654692

MEAL AND SNACK

  • Refreshment and lunch will be provided

အေကၽြးအေမြးအစီအစဥ္

  • ေန႔လည္စာ၊ လၻက္ရည္၊ ေကာ္ဖီ တို႔ၿဖင့္ဧည့္ခံပါမည္။

LANGUAGE

  • Bilingual (Preferably Myanmar)

ေဆြးေႏြးမည့္ ဘာသာစကား

  • ၿမန္မာဘာသာ
 

FIRST AID

  • First aids and emergency medical services will be available.

Earthquake Forum Mandalay

Event Venue

This event is over. For more information, please contact the organiser